Appropriate Body Services for ECTs

All schools that employ Early Career Teachers in their first two years are required to have an Appropriate Body (AB) for their Early Career Teachers (ECTs). This is for Statutory Induction and is in addition to the requirement to offer early career CPD through the Early Career Framework.

ABs play a key role in statutory teacher induction. In addition to monitoring ECTs, Appropriate Bodies will support schools and ECTs to meet the statutory guidance. Manor Teaching School Hub has strategic partners in Barr Beacon School and Ryders Hayes Primary Academy and together we work collaboratively with schools to ensure that ECTs are fairly and consistently assessed.

If your school is new to using Manor Teaching School Hub as an Appropriate Body please provide details on this form so that we can commence your school registration

If you are currently partnering with Manor Teaching School Hub for AB services click here to access ECT Manager to manage details of your existing or additional ECTs.


Roles and Responsibilities

Schools are required to register their Early Career Teachers with an Appropriate Body to ensure they complete their inductions. The AB has two main roles:

1) Monitoring of support: ensuring that ECTs are receiving their statutory entitlements and fidelity checks, ensuring schools are supported to provide ECTs with an ECF-based induction.

2) Monitoring of assessment – make the final decision as to whether the ECT has satisfactorily met the Teachers’ Standards, based on the headteacher’s recommendation.

From Sept 2023 Teaching School Hubs will be the main providers of these services – contact Manor TSH to provide these services on

There is also new Statutory Guidance that comes into place from Sept 2023 which it is advisable for Induction Co-ordinators and Headteachers to be aware of. It can be found here.

Appropriate Body Reforms September 2024


On 15 November 2022, the Department for Education published a response to the consultation on appropriate body reform and induction assessment. These are the key implications for schools and their ECTs:

  • From September 2024 Teaching School Hubs (TSHs) will become the main provider of AB services (except for specialist ABs for some independent and overseas schools) 
  • Local authorities (LAs) will withdraw from their AB role in two stages: 
    • From September 2023 they will not take on any new ECTs.
    • From September 2024 they will cease operating as ABs. 
  • Schools who access AB services through a local authority will need to ensure that from September 2023 they register all new ECTs with a TSH AB. 
  • Schools will also need to ensure that any ECTs who are registered with an LA AB and who do not complete their induction by September 2024 are then transferred to a TSH AB. 
  • The intention of this two-stage withdrawal for LAs from AB services is to allow the majority of ECTs who began induction in September 2022 to complete their induction without needing to transfer to a new AB mid-induction.  

Click here to access the full AB Reforms DfE briefing pack for schools.


Charges for the Appropriate Body will be based on the type of induction programme schools choose to follow for the Early Career Framework, as each of the three routes require different levels of fidelity checks and Quality Assurance.

If your school is engaging with the full induction programme as provided by a National Provider (such as Ambition Institute in partnership with Manor Teaching School Hub), then the cost of the AB service is £175 per ECT per year.

Our Early Career Framework page outlines alternative options for how your school could provide the ECF. Fidelity checking is required when a school decides not to use a national provider programme but instead provides ECF CPD to Early Career Teachers either by using and adapting the core programme or by designing it’s own progamme to meet the requirements of the framework. Both of these incur programme verification costs from a local Appropriate Body in addition to the per ECT cost of £175.

Fidelity checking of a core programme - £350

Fidelity checking of a school-led programme - £700


Engage with the Early Career Framework (ECF) - participate fully with the ECF-based induction programme and all training requirements associated with it, meeting with their Mentor and Induction Tutor as required.

Continue to meet the Teachers' Standards - provide evidence of progress against the Teachers' Standards. Keep track of and participate effectively in scheduled classroom observations, progress reviews and formal assessment meetings.


Support the ECT with the ECF-based induction programme - participate in ECF Mentor training, carry out weekly mentor meetings with the ECT using ECF-based materials, support the ECT with their ECF-based learning, take prompt action where an ECT is having difficulties by reporting to the Induction Tutor.

In the majority of cases it would be expected that an ECT has a separate Mentor and Induction Tutor undertaking these roles independently from each other. Where a school feels they are unable to provide this they must contact the Appropriate Body immediately.

Induction Tutors

Assess the ECT against the Teachers' Standards - observe the ECT formally at least once per half term, meet with the ECT every half term, complete progress reviews and formal assessments throughout the induction period.

Co-ordinate support and guidance for the ECT - ensure the ECT is engaging with an ECF-based programme and any other school-specific professional development opportunities, take prompt action when an ECT is having difficulties, participate in Induction Tutor training with the Appropriate Body, update the Appropriate Body regularly with any issues or queries regarding the ECT.

In the majority of cases it would be expected that an ECT has a separate Mentor and Induction Tutor undertaking these roles independently from each other. Where a school feels they are unable to provide this they must contact the Appropriate Body immediately.


Provide a suitable post for induction - ensure the ECT's post and responsibilities comply with the statutory requirements for induction. Headteacher's have overall responsibility for the monitoring, support and assessment of the ECT during induction.

Make recommendations to the Appropriate Body regarding the ECT's performance - make a recommendation to the Appropriate Body on whether the ECT’s performance against the Teachers’ Standards is satisfactory or requires an extension.

Cheryl has been extremely patient and supportive of me in my role as Headteacher and Induction Tutor within a small special school. Her knowledge of the processes involved have been invaluable (especially as I had an NQT and an ECT Yr1). She has provided timely advice when required and has enabled a smooth transition for our NQT and ECT. I look forward to continuing our working relationship next year

Elmwood School


This is the first year anyone has embarked on the new ECT programme and it’s been a learning curve to say the least. I can definitely say that I would not have got through the year without the help our Awarding Body at Barr Beacon, and in particular Felicity. She has been on hand to answer any questions I have no matter how small, and has helped solve many problems we’ve had thrown as us along the way. Barr Beacon have been great at organising the online training and mentor sessions, even where it clashed with our own school event (parents evening) they have offered alternatives for the ECTs. I am looking forward to working with Barr Beacon next year as we go into year 2 induction for the ECTs and can’t thank them enough for all their help this year.

St Francis of Assisi Catholic College

Induction Co-ordinator

Special Considerations

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When an ECT leaves a post after completing one term or more in an institution but before the next formal assessment would take place, the induction tutor or headteacher is expected to complete an interim assessment. This is expected to take place before the ECT leaves their post in order to ensure that the ECT's progress and performance since the last assessment are captured. This is especially important where concerns about progress may have arisen. The information recorded on the interim assessment form will help to ensure that induction can be continued effectively in any subsequent post. This is also required if the ECT leaves during their final term of induction.

If an ECT leaves a post having completed less than one term (65 days) in an institution this time does not count towards induction, however, sometimes it is still necessary to complete an interim assessment.

Please contact us in advance to ensure that an interim assessment form, if required, is completed and submitted before the ECT leaves.

Determining the length of the induction period

The length of the induction period an ECT is required to serve, whether the teaching post in which they are doing so is part-time or full-time, is the full-time equivalent of two school years.  This usually consists of six school terms, divided into periods each consisting of three school terms. The appropriate body makes the final decision about the equivalence to two school years in cases where the ECT serves induction in more than one setting or in non­-standard settings such as those in the FE sector. In some exceptional circumstances the length of an induction period may be reduced.

Reducing the induction period

Even though some teachers already have significant teaching experience when they enter the maintained sector for the first time, they are still required to serve statutory induction. In such cases, appropriate bodies have discretion to reduce the length of the induction period to a minimum of one term (based on a school year of three terms) to recognise this experience.

In making such a decision they must take account of advice from the headteacher and must gain the agreement of the teacher concerned. If a teacher wishes to serve the full induction period they must be permitted to do so. The appropriate body may wish to consider what evidence of previous experience and performance they require in reaching their decision including performance management documentation from previous teaching employment. Reductions should only be considered where an ECT has extensive prior experience of teaching whole-classes to the Teachers’ Standards. Examples of when this discretion might be considered appropriate include a teacher who has taught in the independent sector or who has gained QTS via the assessment-only route. In such cases, only the final assessment meeting and report will be required with the headteacher’s recommendation on whether the teacher’s performance against the Teachers’ Standards is satisfactory or if an extension would be appropriate. The appropriate body will then follow the induction process in the normal way.

Separately, ECTs serving induction on a part-time basis may, on completion of a period covering but not equivalent to two full years, be able to have their induction period reduced. It is for the appropriate body to consider whether to grant a reduction and bring forward the final assessment point. When considering whether to reduce a part-time ECT’s induction, the appropriate body is expected to consult the headteacher/principal and must gain the agreement of the teacher concerned. A reduction should only be made on the basis that the ECT has met the Teachers’ Standards.

Examples of where Manor Teaching School Hub will consider reducing the induction period:

Significant teaching experience as a teacher in:

An independent school
An Academy or Free School
An FE institution
A British School overseas
Any other institution where induction may be served

Significant teaching experience as:

An unqualified teacher
A teacher in a school where induction cannot normally be served
A teacher in a school that did not register them for induction
A teacher in an overseas school
A part-time teacher who has completed a period covering but not equivalent to two full years
Requesting a reduced induction period

To request a reduced induction period please complete the form below and send it to the ECT Induction Administrator a minimum of 10 working days prior to the due date of the assessment (proposed end date of induction period) -

Overseas Trained Teachers

Qualified overseas trained teachers from some countries are exempt from ECT Induction in England. However, they are required to hold Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) to teach in maintained schools. Teachers who are employed to teach without QTS are technically 'Unqualified Teachers'.

Teachers trained or recognised in Scotland or Northern Ireland

Teachers who trained in either Scotland or Northern Ireland must obtain QTS to take up a teaching post in a maintained school or non-maintained special school in England. They must complete a period of ECT Induction.

Recognition of overseas teaching qualifications from 1 January 2021

The UK has left the EU. There will be changes to arrangements for recognising overseas teaching qualifications from 1 January 2021. This guidance explains these changes.

Teachers who qualified in the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland, will still be able to apply for QTS in England, but the process is changing.

From 1 January 2021, teachers who qualified in any of these countries applying for QTS will be asked to provide a Letter of Professional Standing. This will need to be from the organisation responsible for regulating teachers in the country in which they qualified and will allow us to validate their qualification. There is more information about changes to arrangements for applying for QTS available on the UK transition page.

Teachers who qualified in England (or are doing ITT and working towards QTS), and want to apply for professional recognition as a teacher in an European Economic Area (EEA) state or Switzerland from 1 January 2021, should act now to check the latest arrangements with the organisation responsible for regulating teachers in that country.
Teachers qualified in the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand

Teachers must apply to the NCTL for the award of QTS before they can be recognised as qualified teachers.

  • To submit your application:
  • use the online application form
  • send a letter to the NCTL confirming that the teacher is qualified and eligible to teach permanently in the country in question. Only letters from the recognised authority will be accepted for this purpose.

The NCTL will then verify that the individual is a fully qualified teacher in Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the USA and has not been barred from teaching. Subject to satisfactory completion of these checks, the teacher will be issued with a letter confirming the award of QTS. Details of fully qualified teachers from Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the USA will be held by the NCTL on the database of qualified teachers in England.

Teachers qualified in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the USA are not required to complete ECT induction in England.

Other Countries

If you trained in a country outside of the EEA, other than Australia, Canada, New Zealand or the USA, you need to complete an accredited training programme in England to obtain QTS and take up a permanent teaching post.

Irish ECTs

Teachers from Ireland who have full registration as they have completed induction with the Teaching Council in Ireland (TCI) and who wish to apply to work in England can apply for Qualified Teacher Status (QTS). They are exempt from completing an induction period.

Teachers from Ireland who only have conditional registration with the TCI as they have not completed induction are not eligible for QTS. As they do not have QTS they are not eligible for statutory induction and therefore not eligible for the associated funding.  This has always been the case, and ‘shadow’ inductions in the past have not been organised with the involvement of the Department for Education in England. With the introduction of the ECF the TCI has updated its procedures and going forward will only recognise induction processes that are formally recognised by relevant competent authorities.

In April 2021, the TCI advised all final year student teachers to seek specific advice if they intended to work overseas with a view to completing a recognised induction process.

For the avoidance of doubt, however, teachers from Ireland with conditional registration status can work as a teacher in England without QTS. They can teach without QTS for up to four years in a maintained school, and for an unlimited period in an academy, free school, or private school, although without QTS they will not be eligible for induction.

If they do wish to gain QTS in the future, their main options would be to:

Once they have two years of experience, they can apply for QTS via the Assessment Only route.

Or, they can gain their full registration in Ireland and then apply for QTS.

To gain their full registration in Ireland, a teacher with conditional registration status can complete Droichead, the formal induction process in Ireland.

The TCI will also recognise formal induction processes completed in other countries where they are recognised by the competent authority.

Further guidance on the routes to QTS for non-UK teachers is available on GOV.UK.